“Party Power and Lawmaking: Majority Party Capacity in an Era of Strong Parties,” Frances Lee, University of Maryland

Event time: 
Wednesday, January 17, 2018 - 12:00pm to 1:15pm
Location: 
Institution for Social & Policy Studies, Room A002 See map
77 Prospect Street
New Haven, CT 06511
Speaker: 
Frances E. Lee, Professor of Government and Politics, University of Maryland
Event description: 

AMERICAN POLITICS & PUBLIC POLICY WORKSHOP

Abstract: Party cohesion in Congress stands at historic highs, and legislative power has been centralized in the hands of majority party leaders. We ask: what are the consequences of these changes for lawmaking? Are majority parties more effective at achieving their programmatic goals? Examining patterns in party support for enacted laws, we find no trend toward the passage of more legislation on party lines. Most laws, including landmark enactments, continue to garner substantial bipartisan support, and laws are not more frequently enacted over the opposition of a majority of the minority party. Contemporary congressional majorities fail in enacting their agenda items at rates that are equivalent to (or inferior to) benchmarks set by less party-polarized congresses. Likewise, there is little evidence that centralization of power and the departure from “regular order” legislative processes has empowered majority parties to achieve programmatic goals. Laws that are passed via more unorthodox and leadership-led legislative processes do not receive less bipartisan support than those passed under regular order processes. Despite marked increases in party cohesion, today’s majority parties do not appear to have gotten better at enacting their legislative programs.

Frances E. Lee is professor of Government and Politics at the University of Maryland and co-editor of Legislative Studies Quarterly. She is author of Insecure Majorities: Congress and the Perpetual Campaign (University of Chicago Press, 2016), Beyond Ideology: Politics, Principles, and Partisanship in the U.S. Senate (University of Chicago Press, 2009) and coauthor of Sizing Up The Senate: The Unequal Consequences of Equal Representation (University of Chicago Press, 1999). She is also coauthor of Congress and Its Members, currently in its 16th edition (Sage / CQ Press, 2018). Her research has appeared in numerous journal outlets, including the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, Journal of Politics, and others.

Cosponsored with the Institution for Social and Policy Studies, each seminar features a presentation of current political science research by leading scholars in the field, including distinguished faculty from other institutions, research fellows of the CSAP, and Ph.D. candidates at Yale.

Open to: 
General Public